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PROBLEMS OF MODERN ECONOMICS, N 3 (31), 2009
ЭКОНОМИЧЕСКАЯ ГЛОБАЛИЗАЦИЯ
Abramova I. O.
Vice Director, Institute of Africa, Russian Academy of Science,
PhD (Economics)


Socio-economic specificity of African urbanization (case of Egypt)
The article presents a complex analysis of the process of African urbanization in case of Egypt, the largest country of the Arab Orient. The author analyzes precondition for urban growth, connections and contradictions between the city and the village, defines criteria for migrations between the village and the city, discusses changes in branch- and social structure of the Egyptian population, as well as major contradictions of the country’s urbanization process against similar processes in other countries
Key words: urbanization, African state, demography, migration, employment, consumption, social shift



1. Рассчитано нами по: Крюгер О.О. Сельскохозяйственное производство в эллинистическом Египте. Зерновые культуры // Из истории материального производства античного мира. Изв. ГАИМК. Вып.108. М., Л., 1934. С.12.; Grauford D.J. An Egyptian Village in the Ptolemai Period. L., 1971. P.34.; Crouchley A.E. The Economic Development of Modern Egypt. L., N.Y., Toronto, 1938. P.4.; Clark C. Population Grouth and Laud Use. N.Y., 1968. P. 679.; Большаков О.Г. Средневековый город Ближнего Востока. VII — сер.ХIII в. М., 1984. С.23.
2. Issawi Ch. Economic Change and Urbanization in the Middle East. P.103. Рашид аль-Барави. Халят мыср аль-иктисадийя фи-ахд аль-фатимийин. (на араб. яз.) Каир, 1948. С.9.
3. Rivlin H.A. Op. cit. P.174.
4. Census of Population of Egypt. 1907. Cairo, 1910. P.157.
5. Фридман Л.А. Указ. соч. С.53.
6. Farid J.A. Population of Egypt. Cairo, 1948. P.19.
7. Crouchley A.E. Op. cit. P.169.
8. www.census.gov/cgi-bin/=EG
9. Рассчитано по www.worldbank.org
10. African Development Indicators 2006. The World Bank. Wash. 2006. P.313.
11. Statistical Yearbook. CAPMAS. Cairo, 2007. P. 68.
12. www.census.gov
13. Рассчитано по материалам переписей населения АРЕ за 1996 и 2006 гг.
14. The Preliminary Results of Internal Migration. Differentiations Survey of 2007. Cairo, 2007. P. 45.
15. Ibid. Р. 103.
16. Ibid. P. 126.
17. www.census.gov/cgi-bin/=EG
18. Рассчитано по материалам переписи населения АРЕ за 1976–2006 гг.
19. Egypt Human Development Report. Institute of National Planning. Cairo, 2007. P. 52.
20. Household Income and Expenditure Survey 2005/06. CAMPAS. Cairo, 2007. Р. 72.
21. Ibid. Р. 65.
22. Ibid. P. 69.
23. Аль-Ахрам. 13.04.2008.
24. www.sis.gov.eg/yearbook2007
25. National Bank of Egypt. Economic Bulletin. Cairo. 2008. № 1. P. 19.

Cтатья подготовлена при финансовой поддержке РГНФ. Грант «Роль человеческого капитала в формировании образа страны в многополярном мире: сравнение российских и африканских реалий»

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