|PROBLEMS OF MODERN ECONOMICS, N 4 (48), 2013|
|Gazizullin Nail F.|
Chair of Economic Theory and History of Economic Thought, St. Petersburg State Economic University, PhD (Economics), Professor, Honored Scholar of the Republic of Tatarstan
| Pages: 2 - 2|
Dear readers and colleagues!
We hereby present to you the new issue of our Journal [4 (48) 2013] containing 121 articles, analytical and bibliographic materials written by 159 authors from 37 regions of Russia and other CIS countries (Azerbaijan, Kazakhstan, Belarus’, Ukraine), as well as Japan.
The economic results of 2013 are rather ambiguous. Russia preserved the positive balance of external trade, the country’s gold-exchange reserves, as well as other reserves, reach half a billion dollars, the budget is generally balanced, and the state debt does not exceed 10% of the GNP (which is 100% in case of the USA). At the same time, the growth rate of GNP reduced from 7-8% to 1.5%.
In December 2013, in his Greetings to the Federal Assembly, the President of the Russian Federation V. V. Putin stressed that the major reasons for this reduction are not external, but internal in nature. To overcome these problems, Russia has to move from neo-liberal to national economic politics, which would take into consideration not only international, but also Russian civilizational specificities. This includes radical measures towards economic deoffshorization, transition to stimulating taxation system, reforming of social, national, regional, industrial, defense politics, as well as major transformations in health care, housing system, education, and labor market.
The super-goal of the Russian politics is the creation of the Eurasian Economic Union. With that, Russia does not strive to be a superpower, of the international or regional hegemon, but rather the leader of integration on the post-Soviet space, a country that fully respects the interests and specific features of CIS peoples. These are the issues discussed in the first section of the current issue, “Eurasian economic perspective: problems and decisions”. Here one can find articles written by the participants of the round tables that took place in Minsk (June 12, 2013) and Kazan’ (November 29, 2013), as well as the major ideas of the round table organized by the public movement “Ukrainian choice” in Khar’kov (December 4, 2013). Among the authors of this section are: S. E. Naryshkin, Chairperson of the State Duma, Federal Assembly of the Russian Federation; M.V. Miasnikovich, Prime Minister of the Republic of Belarus; R.N. Minnikhanov, President of the Republic of Tatarstan; G.A. Rapota, State secretary of the Union State (Moscow-Minsk); Ministers of the Eurasian Economic Committee T.M. Suleimenov and T.D. Valovaya, and other well-known politicians, scholars, and public figures from CIS countries.
The section on the problems of modernization and transition to innovative economy opens with the article by L.S. Bliakhman “New industrialization: essence, political and economic principles, socio-economic preconditions and attending phenomena,” followed by the article by N.V. Pakhomova, A.A. Kaz’min on the innovative activity of firms in various economic branches. Traditional sections such as philosophy of economic values and macroeconomic theory discuss formation of tolerant consciousness, spirituality in economy, system methodology, convergence of socialism and capitalism, correlation of efficacy and justice (articles by F.G. Gazizullin, G.P. Vyzhletsov, A.V. Buzgalin and others).
Sections focusing on economic globalization and development of Eurasian countries analyze advantages and threats of globalization for national security and regional economy with regards to the role of multinational companies; these sections present authors from Azerbaijan, Kazakhstan and Ukraine. Sections dedicated to economics, management, and accounting at the enterprise, theory and practice of entrepreneurship, marketing and logistics received the usual attention in the current issue of the Journal, as well as the strategy of innovative development, innovative and venture business.
The largest section is dedicated to the regional economy. Authors from Novosibirsk, Krasnoyarsk, Tomsk, Vladivostok, Kemerovo, Kyzyl, Ulan-Ude, Lesosibirsk focus on the development of Siberia and the Far East that became Russia’s national priority in the 21st century. Economic modernization features a clear branch specificity; the issue contains several groups of articles on finance-and-credit system, the sphere of services, education, and agro-industrial complex. Contemporary economic politics has to be moral and environmentally conscious; sections “Economics and Ecology,” “Economy and Religions” focus precisely on these issues. The “Current Bibliography” section discusses the economy of Leningrad during the siege.
Publication along the wide spectrum of the Journal’s traditional topics will continue in 2014; these topics will encompass the major components of the contemporary economic science. Discussions on the formation of the Eurasian Economic Union, the new industrialization, economy of innovations and implementations of the principles formulated in the Greetings to the Federal Assembly by the President of the Russian Federation V. V. Putin will be prioritized.
The Journal invites everyone to engage in further creative cooperation.