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PROBLEMS OF MODERN ECONOMICS, N 3 (35), 2010
PROBLEMS OF MODERNIZATION AND TRANSITION TO INNOVATIVE ECONOMY
Gomon I. V.
Assistant Professor, Chair of Economics, Kaluga Branch of Moscow Institute for Humanities and Economics
Kosushkin V. G.
Professor, Chair of Economics, Kaluga Branch of Moscow Institute for Humanities and Economics

Conceptual foundations of innovations and innovation activity (Russia, Kaluga)
The article discusses conceptual questions related to the organization of innovation activity, emphasizes that development of innovative processes is the major direction towards improvement in economics based on scholarly and technological progress
Key words: innovation activity, innovative process, innovative system, conceptual foundations of innovations



Литература
1. Постановление Правительства РФ от 24. 07. 98 № 832.
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3. Наука России в цифрах. 2003. — М., 2003. — С.196.
4. Средний уровень наукоемкости (НИОКР/продажи) по промышленности в целом составляет в ЕС 3,2%, в США — 4,5%, для нефтегазовой промышленности — 0,3% и 0,5% соответственно. Уровень наукоемкости в высокотехнологичных отраслях, в частности, фармацевтике и биотехнологии, программном обеспечении и компьютерных услугах достигает 10–15% (Еurореаn Commission [2004], см. сноску 6)
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6. Еurореаn Commission. Monitoring Industrial Research: The 2004 Industrial R&D Investment Scoreboard. Brusse1s: Еurореаn Communities, 2004.
7. Nelson R. and N. Rosenberg. Technical Innovation and National Systems. Chapter х in National Systems оf Innovation, ed. bу R. Nelson. — New York and Oxford: Oxford University Pres, 1993. — p.4.
8. Miller W. Morris L. Managing Knowledge, Technology and Innovation. — N.Y., 1992. — p.2.
9. Sombart W. Der kapitalistisch Unternehmehr // Archiv fur Sozialwissenschaft und Sozialpolitik, 2007. Bd. XXIX.

Article in russian

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