|PROBLEMS OF MODERN ECONOMICS, N 2 (54), 2015|
|PROBLEMS OF MODERNIZATION AND TRANSITION TO INNOVATIVE ECONOMY|
|Pakhomova N. V.|
Professor of the Chair of Economic Theory,
St.Petersburg State University,
Corresponding Member of the Russian Academy of Natural Sciences,
Richter K. K.
Head of the Chair of Economics of Enterprise and Entrepreneurship, Department of Economics,
St. Petersburg State University, PhD (Physics, Mathematics)
Malyshkov G. B.
Professor, Department of Economics, National Mineral Resources University, PhD (Economics)
Bondarenko Yu. P.
PhD student, Department of Economics, St. Petersburg State University
|The authors distinguish tactical and strategic factors defining formation of demand for ecological innovations. Among the strategic factors the article stresses structural reforms that should result in transition to the green economy based on a combination of ecological innovations in such spheres as technology, consumption, services, marketing, etc. The authors describe the major barriers precluding formation of demand for ecological externalities (e.g. damage caused by environmental pollution), which are not directly evaluated by the market and hence cannot be fully accounted for in the process of evaluating the effectiveness from environmental innovations and investment. The article poses a question of how sufficient are the measures supporting ecological innovations declared in the Federal Laws of 2014-2015, and suggest a number of steps towards modernization of ecological politics in Russia in respect to the mix of tools it requires|
|Key words: ecological innovations, green economics, technologic impetus, demand-induced (market) impulse, innovation paradox, innovation politics, the optimal technology, mix of tools for ecological politics|
| Pages: 15 - 27|