Start Page
Information About the Journal
About the Editor-in-chief
Thematic profile of the Journal
The latest
Issues List
Editorial Council
Editorial Board
Magazine Representatives
Article Submission Guidelines
Sarygulov A. I.
Senior research fellow, St. Petersburg State University of Economics, PhD (Economics), Professor
Rapgof V. B.
Head of the Department of Academic Publishing, Peter the Great St. Petersburg Polytechnic University

On some approaches to the evaluation of digital economy (Russia, St. Petersburg)
Analysis of special literature shows that the term “digital economy,” broadly used in economic literature, seems to be rather broadly interpreted by many economists, which calls forth a number of questions. We either have to agree that this is a term used by the expert community — or to admit that we involuntarily use the same notion with different economic significations. The aim of this article is to analyze the existing approaches to the evaluation of the share of digital economy in GNP, as well as more precise economic perspectives that allow to more correctly estimate the share of digital technologies in the creation of the new public good. The article is based on approaches to evaluation of the digital economy developed by international organizations such as the Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development, the World Bank, the International Monetary Fund, as well as by the economic regulators in such countries as the USA, China, European Union, and large consulting companies. Qualitative changes taking place on the technological level considerably modify conditions for creating workplaces and entrepreneurship, which in its turn impacts the tools of state politics with regard to long-term economic strategy formation. All these together lead to constant changes in the structure of economy resulting from intensive use of various digital technologies.
Key words: digital technologies, structural changes, economic growth, Gross Domestic Product
Pages: 46 - 50

Статья подготовлена в рамках гранта РФФИ № 20-010-00279 «Комплексная система оценки и прогноз рынка труда на этапе перехода к цифровой экономике в развитых и развивающихся странах».

1. H. Kagermann, W. Wahlster, J. Helbig (2013). Recommendations for implementing the strategic initiative INDUSTRIE 4.0., Industrie 4.0. Working Group.
2. P.C. Evans, M. Annunziata (2012). Industrial Internet: Pushing the Boundaries of Minds and Machines.
3. M. Swan (2012). Sensor Mania! The Internet of Things, Wearable Computing, Objective Metrics, and the Quantified Self 2.0., J. Sens. Actuator Netw., 1, 217–253.
4. S.J. Russel, P. Norvig (2003). Artificial Intelligence: A Modern Approach (2nd ed.), Prentice Hall
5. K. Schwab (2016). The Fourth Industrial Revolution: what it means, how to respond, World Economic Forum.
6. E. Brynjolfsson, A. McAfee (2014). The Second Machine Age: Work, Progress and Prosperity in a Time of Brilliant Technologies, W.W. Norton & Company
7. Акаев А.А., Румянцева С.Ю., Сарыгулов, А.И., Соколов В.Н. (2016). Структурно-циклические процессы структурной динамики. — СПб.: Изд-во Политехнического университета, 2016. — 462 с.
8. D. Kleinbard (2000). The $1.7 trillion dot.com lesson, CNN Money.
9. K. Shiba (2017). Central Banks’ New Approach to AI: New Settlement System Applying Blockchain Technology and Issuance of Digital Currency. Institute for International Monetary Affairs (IIMA). Newsletter #3
10. J. Ogawa (2017). Global AI startup financing hit $5bn in 2016, Nikkei Asia Review.
11. J. Lin (2011). Technological Adaptation, Cities, and New Work, Review of Economics and Statistics, 93(2), 554–574.
12. C.B. Frey, M.A. Osborne (2013). The Future of Employment: How Susceptible are Jobs to Computerisation?
13. C. Brzeski, I. Burk (2015.) Die Roboter kommen. Folgen der Automatisierung für den deutschen Arbeitsmarkt, Economic Research
14. J. Bowles (2014). The computerisation of European jobs, Bruegel D. Acemoglu, P. Restrepo (2017). Robots and Jobs: Evidence from US Labor Markets https://ifr.org/downloads/press2018/IFR%20World%20Robotics%20Presentation%20-%2018%20Sept%202019.pdf Дата обращения 23.02.2020.
15. https://ifr.org/ifr-press-releases/news/31-million-robots-helping-in-households-worldwide-by-2019 Дата обращения 23.02.2020
16. The Internet Economy in the G-20 (2012). Boston Сonsalting Group. March 2012
17. e-Conomy South-East Asia 2019. (2019). Google, TEMASEC, BAIN&COMPANY — https://www.blog.google/documents/47/SEA_Internet_Economy_Report_2019.pdf Дата обращения 20.02.2020
18. M. Knickrehm, B. Berthon and P. Daugherty (2016). Digital disruption: The growth multiplier. Accenture. https://www.accenture.com/_acnmedia/pdf-14/accenture-strategy-digital-disruption-growth-multiplier-brazil.pdf Дата обращения 17.03.2020
19. L. Zhang and S. Chen. (2019). China’s Digital Economy: Opportunities and Risks. IMF Working Paper WP/19/16. © 2019 International Monetary Fund.
20. OECD Digital Economy Outlook 2017 — © OECD 2017.
21. G20 Digital Economy Development and Cooperation Initiative (2016). — https://www.mofa.go.jp/files/000185874.pdf Дата обращения 17.03.2020
22. М. Хуатэн, М. Чжаоли, Я. Дели, В. Хуалей Цифровая трансформация Китая /Пер. с кит. — М.: Альпина Паблишер. 2019.
23. Y. Miura (2018). China’s Digital Economy — Assessing Its Scale, Development Stage, Competitiveness, and Risk Factors. Pacific Business and Industries Vol. XVIII, 2018 No. 70 — https://www.jri.co.jp/MediaLibrary/file/english/periodical/rim/2018/70.pdf Дата обращения 20.03.2020.
24. K. Barefoot, D. Curtis, W. A. Jolliff, J. R. Nicholson, R. Omohundro (2019) Research Spotlight Measuring the Digital Economy. Survey of Current Business. Vol. 99, No. 5, May 2019. https://www.bea.gov/data/special-topics/digital-economy Дата обращения 23.03.2020.
25. P.L. Singer (2017). Investing in “Innovation Infrastructure” to Restore U.S. Growth. Information Technology and Innovation Foundation. January, 2017. http://dc.mit.edu/sites/default/files/pdf/2017-innovation-infrastructure.pdf Дата обращения 24.03.2020.

Article in russian

Back to the issue content

Copyright © Problems of Modern Economics 2002 - 2024