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PROBLEMS OF MODERN ECONOMICS, N 1 (77), 2021
SOCIO-ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT IN FOREIGN COUNTRIES
Koloshkin E. A.
PhD student, Chair of Management and Innovations, St. Petersburg State University of Economics

Specificities of decarbonization of the energy sector in the European Union
(Russia, St. Petersburg)
The article focuses on the growing tendencies in the sphere of decarbonization of the energy sector in the European Union, describes the place of decarbonization in the hierarchy of the EU’s economic politics, and distinguishes specific features of this process. Analysis of subsidies into renewable energy sources and natural gas in EU allows to assess the degree of state involvement in EU’s decarbonization process. Based on the analysis of decarbonization tempos in 27 EU countries, the article identifies regional specificities of this process and factors facilitating higher speed of the process. This allows to create a classification of the EU countries depending on whether they fall into advanced or catching up decarbonization category.
Key words: European Union, economics of the energy production in the EU, decarbonization, subsidizing, economic consequences of COVID-19 pandemic, sustainable development, Green Deal, energy- and climate related aims of the EU, climatic neutrality, regional economy
Pages: 136 - 140



Список использованных источников:
1. Колошкин Е.А. Влияние глобального экономического кризиса в связи с пандемией COVID-19 на тенденции долгосрочного развития энергетического сектора ЕС // Экономика и предпринимательство. — 2020. — №10(123). — С. 1346–1351.
2. A Framework Strategy for a Resilient Energy Union with a Forward-Looking Climate Change Policy COM (2015) 80 final https://eur-lex.europa.eu/legal-content/EN/TXT/?uri=COM:2015:80:FIN (дата обращения 15.02.2021)
3. European Energy Security Strategy COM(2014) 330 final https://eur-lex.europa.eu/legal-content/EN/ALL/?uri=CELEX%3A52014DC0330 (дата обращения 15.02.2021).
4. Regulation (EU) 2017/1938 Of The European Parliament and of the Council of 25 October 2017 concerning measures to safeguard the security of gas supply and repealing Regulation (EU) No 994/2010 https://eur-lex.europa.eu/legal-content/EN/TXT/?uri=celex:32017R1938 (дата обращения 15.02.2021)
5. European Commission Study on energy costs, taxes and the impact of government interventions on investments. October 2020. https://ec.europa.eu/energy/studies_main/final_studies/study-energy-costs-taxes-and-impact-government-interventions-investments_en (дата обращения 15.02.2021)
6. Commission Delegated Regulation (EU) 2020/389 of 31 October 2019 amending Regulation (EU) No 347/2013 of the European Parliament and of the Council as regards the Union list of projects of common interest https://eur-lex.europa.eu/legal-content/EN/TXT/?uri=CELEX:32020R0389 (дата обращения 15.02.2021)
7. Данные европейского статистического агентства EUROSTAT https://ec.europa.eu/eurostat/web/energy/data/database (дата обращения 15.02.2021)
8. Статистическая методология ООН https://unstats.un.org/unsd/methodology/m49/overview/ (дата обращения 15.02.2021)

1 Здесь и далее по тексту использована классификация стран Европы по методологии ООН [8]

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