Start Page
Information About the Journal
About the Editor-in-chief
Thematic profile of the Journal
The latest
Issues List
Editorial Council
Editorial Board
Magazine Representatives
Article Submission Guidelines
Pisarenko Zh. V.
Assistant Professor, Chair of Risk Management and Insurance, St. Petersburg State University, PhD (Economics), Professor
Bekishev Yu. A.
PhD student, Department of Economics, St. Petersburg State University
Arkadjev V. A.
PhD student, Department of Economics, St. Petersburg State University

Impact of epidemiological situations of the past upon the economy and society: smallpox, Spanish flu (Russia, St. Petersburg)
In relation to the emergence of COVID-19, the question on vulnerability of economy and the social order even in view of a comparatively insignificant epidemiologic outbreak became topical. To avoid these consequences in the future, it is necessary to understand, which regularities are at work in these processes. The article presents a historical analysis of two previous large-scale pandemics, one of the black plague (18151871), and the second, of the Spanish flue) (19181920), comparing their impact upon the economic, social and political situation in various countries. The authors conclude that the painful economic effect of these epidemics bears a short-term character, i.e., does not have long-term impact, and the economic system always returns to its previews condition. This is not the case, however, with the social and political systems. The research aims at helping scholars and economists in the evaluation of the current pandemic and its impact upon social life.
Key words: pandemic and economy, impact produced by pandemics, society in the situation of a pandemic, global pandemics, black plague, Spanish flu
Pages: 73 - 77

1. / .. , .. , .. , .. . -, 2021. 300 .
2. .. C . 12. // covid-19: : . . / .. , .. , .. , .. , .. . -, 2020. 274 .
3. .. . 2- . : , 1982. . 124. 207 .
4. 2020 : (infotables.ru) URL: https://infotables.ru/strany-i-goroda/17-tablitsa-chislennost-naseleniya-stran-mira ( : 18.11.2021).
5. : // URL: http://12.rospotrebnadzor.ru/directions/prevention/-/asset_publisher/NeD4/content/ ( : 20.11.2021).
6.Seuchen und Generationengerechtigkeit Globale Impfstrategien gegen Infektionskrankheiten // Stiftung für die Rechte zukünftiger Generationen URL: https://generationengerechtigkeit.info/wp-content/uploads/2020/10/PP_Seuchen-und-Generationengerechtigkeit.pdf ( : 22.11.2021).
7.Bell ., Lewis M. The Economic Implications of Epidemics Old and New //World Economics. 2004. . 54.
8.Bekishev Yu. A. (2022). Comparative analysis of the impact of epidemiological situations of different historic periods on the economy and society. Proceedings of the International Scientific and Practical Forum on Social and Behavioral Sciences (SBS 2020) (pp. 114). Cham, Switzerland: Springer Nature.
9.Hüntelmann A., (2020), Smallpox vaccination in the German Empire. Vaccination between biopolitics and moral economy, Asclepio 72 (1):p292. https://doi.org/10.3989/asclepio.2020.01.
10.Kübler P. Geschichte der Pocken und der Impfung. Berlin: Verlag von August Hirschwald, 1901. chapter 4 (: https://digital.zbmed.de/gesundheitspflege/content/pageview/4515623)
11.Katharina M. Why Covid19 will not be gone soon: Lessons from the institutional economics of smallpox vaccination in 19th Century Germany // EHES Working Paper. 2021. 208
12.Eberhard Wolff, Einschneidende Massnahmen, Pockenschutzimpfung und traditionale Gesellschaft im Württemberg des frühen 19. Jahrhunderts Medizin, Gesellschaft und Geschichte, Beiheft 10, Stuttgart, Franz Steiner, 1998, pp. 524, DM/SFr 148.00 (3515068260).
13.Selgert F. Baden and the Modern State: The Implementation of Administrative and Legal Reforms in the German State of Baden during the 19th Century. Baden-Württemberg, Manheim: University of Mannheim, 2012. 150 .
14.Schneider K. Hatten die Reichsmünzreformen eine Chance? Ein Rückblick aus dem 18. Jahrhundert // Harz-Zeitschrift. Lukas Verlag für Kunst- und Geistesgeschichte, 2010. . 61. . 112124.
15.Glaser R., Himmelsbach Iso., Bösmeier A. Climate of migration? How climate triggered migration from southwest Germany to North America during the 19th century // Climate of the Past. Copernicus Publications on behalf of the European Geosciences Union, 2017. . 15731592.
16.Baldwin P. Contagion and the State in Europe, 18301930. Los Angeles: Cambridge University Press, 1999. 581 .
17.Heimstädter A. Zur Geschichte der deutschen Impfgegnerbewegung // Geschichte der Pharmazie. Universitätsbibliothek Braunschweig. 1990. . (: https://publikationsserver.tu-braunschweig.de/servlets/MCRFileNodeServlet/dbbs_derivate_00043824/1990_GdP_02.pdf)
18.ONeill A. Smallpox deaths in the French and German armies during the Franco-Prussian War from July 1870 to May 1871 // Statista.com URL: https://www.statista.com/statistics/1107919/smallpox-deaths-franco-prussian-war/ ( : 20.11.2021). article 2020.
19.Social and Economic Impacts of the 1918 Influenza Epidemic // NBER National bureau of economic research URL: https://www.nber.org/digest/may20/social-and-economic-impacts-1918-influenza-epidemic ( : 19.11.2021).
20.Lessons from the 19181919 Spanish Flu Pandemic in Africa // Africa center for strategic studies URL: https://africacenter.org/spotlight/lessons-19181919-spanish-flu-africa/ ( : 21.11.2021).
21.Brainerd E., Siegler M. The economic effects of the 1918 Influenza Epidemic // CEPR. 2003. 3791
22.Asquith B. What Can We Learn from the 1918 Pandemic? Careful Economics and Policy Lessons from Influenza // UPJOHN INSTITUTE POLICY PAPER. 2020
23.Karlsson M., Nilsson T., Pichler S. The Impact of the 1918 Spanish Flu Epidemic on Economic Performance in Sweden // Journal of Health Economics. 2014
24.Ofori M., Frimpong A., Babah P., Mensah R. The Emergence and Spread of COVID-19 Pandemic and Implications on the Economy of Ghana //Journal of African Interdisciplinary Studies. 2020.
25.Xinyue Su The Economic impact of Pandemic, case study of Spanish Flu in 19181920 // STOCKHOLM UNIVERSITY. 2021.
26.S. Maciej GDP Effects of Pandemics: A Historical Perspective // Collegium of Economic Analysis Working Paper Series. 2020. 2020/057. . SGH Warsaw School of Economics.

Article in russian

Back to the issue content

Copyright © Problems of Modern Economics 2002 - 2022