|PROBLEMS OF MODERN ECONOMICS, N 2 (86), 2023|
|Simanovskaya M. L.|
Assistant Professor, Chair of Strategic planning and economic politics, Department of State Management, M.V. Lomonosov Moscow State University, PhD (Economics)
Khristianov K. N.
MA student, Department of State Management, M. V. Lomonosov Moscow State University
|The article analyzes factors that help maintain competitiveness of the Russia agrarian sector both on the internal and on the external markets in the period of crises caused by coronavirus pandemic and sanctions on the part of unfriendly countries. The authors use an integrated approach based on the major theories of competitive advantage: market theory, resource theory, relations theory and institutional theory. Natural resources advantages, especially those in grain industries and in organic agriculture, constitute the factor of sustainable competitiveness of the Russian agrarian business, even though the potential of organic agriculture is not yet fully utilized. The major positive factor is the successful realization of the import substitution program. The article reveals the contradictory impact produced upon competitiveness of Russian agriculture by the growth of vertically-integrated agroholdings, which occupy a privileged position in the institutional environments and receive the bulk of investment credits due to their ability to quickly ensure food security.|
|Key words: agrarian sector, agriculture, competitiveness, competitive advantage, agroholding, organic agriculture, grain industries|
| Pages: 215 - 220|